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The SI is the coherent system of units adopted and recommended by the General Conference of Weights and Measures (CGPM). It is based on the following seven base units through which all physical phenomena can be described. From these units all other derived quantities are derived.


QuantityUnit nameSymbolDefinition

The metre is the length of the path travelled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.

Meter je torej realiziran z naravnim pojavom. Naprava, ki realizira to definicijo, je primarni etalon z določeno negotovostjo.

MasskilogramkgThe kilogram is the unit of mass; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram.

The second is the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium 133 atom.

Electric currentamperA

The ampere is that constant current which, if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite length, of negligible circular cross-section, and placed one metre apart in a vacuum, would produce between the conductors a force equal to 2 x 10-7 newton per metre of length.




The kelvin, unit of the thermodynamic temperature, is the fraction 1/273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water.

Amount of substancemolmol

1. The mole is the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as there are atoms in 0.012 kilogram of carbon 12.

2. When the mole is used, the elementary entities must be specified and may be atoms, molecules, ions, electrons, other particles, or specified groups of such particles.

Luminous intensitykandelacdThe candela is the luminous intensity, in a given direction, of a source that emits monochromatic radiation of frequency 540 × 1012 hertz and that has a radiant intensity in that direction of 1/683 watt per steradian.